Multilevel affective counter-conditioning of prejudice and stereotyping.
Description of form
This experiment investigates the impact of affective counter-conditioning on both explicit and implicit measures of prejudice and stereotyping. Participants had to perform previous to and following a counter-conditioning session, different tasks explicitly and implicitly assessing prejudice and stereotyping. They were assigned to one of four counter-conditioning conditions: a propositional irrelevant counter-conditioning in which the out-group was associated with the definition of a positive word irrelevant to the intergroup context; a propositional relevant counter-conditioning in which the outgroup was associated with the definition of a positive affect relevant to the intergroup context; a schematic counter-conditioning in which the out-group was associated with the induction of a positive affect; and a control condition in which the out-group was associated with neutral words. Results show that the propositional relevant counter-conditioning decreased prejudice and stereotyping, whereas the schematic counter-conditioning increased ethnocentric biases. Results also indicate that the control and propositional irrelevant conditioning manipulations had limited effect on ethnocentric biases. This pattern of results is discussed in terms of differences in the processing of emotional information.
Yabar, Y., & Philippot, P. (2006). Multilevel affective counter-conditioning of prejudice and stereotyping (Working Papers No. 3-06). Lower Hutt, New Zealand: The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand.